ART in Ancient Rome
Capitoline Wolf Statue
One of Ancient Rome's most common type of art are sculptures, they have stayed more intact than paintings. Roman sculptures are made out of bronze, concrete and marble. Romans most commonly made their sculptures about emperors, mythical creatures, battles that have happened, and daily life. Etruscan sculptures and art was another type of roman art. An example of an Etruscan is the bronze statue of the bronze statue of Capitoline Wolf Nursing two small infant. This represents Remus and Romulus, the people who established Rome. Remus an Romulus were orphaned and raised by a she-wolf, thats where the wolf comes in. Another type of statues was republican Statuary, which were statues based on military leaders, these types of statues were typically found in temples of Pagen Gods. An example of this was a statue of Hercules, found in a the Hercules Sanctuary in Tivoli. Another type of statue was Imperial, which was very similar to Republican Statues. An example of imperial statues was of General Augustus, made in c. 20 BC. Rome has created many famous sculptures, which show their different cultures, which ultimately adds to their successes.
"Baths of Neptune"
Another type of famous art in ancient Rome were mosaics, different groups of people within Rome created different types of Mosaics with different purposes. Roman Christians created mosaics with the purpose of teaching their beliefs an stories. An example of a Roman christian mosaic was of a Greek god Helios, constructed in late 200's AD. This Christian Mosaic portrays how christian artists overlap symbolism from Pagen to establish Christ. Imperial Rome created another type of Mosaic, one of the mosaics that they created was a floor mosaic in the Baths of Neptune. Neptune is shown riding a horse- drawn chariot.
The Colosseum was Rome's most famous engineering marble and architecture. The construction of Colosseum began in 72 A.D under Vespasian and the constructed ended in 80 AD, but Vespasian died the year before because of natural causes. The colosseum was mostly made of Lime stone, concrete, and marble. The colosseum was built by 1200 slaves, who were captured by Vespasian. The colosseum had a retractable roof, that could be angled to where the sun was. The purpose of the colosseum was to be a place when all of the chaos consumed in the city to be channeled. Throughout a day different events happen at the colosseum, in the morning the gladiators fought animals, in the afternoon Slaves were being sacrificed, and finally in the afternoon gladiators fought against gladiators. The colosseum was a place that was able to be used for entertainment by everyone. The Colosseum was one of the greatest pieces of architecture in history, and contributed to Rome being the most successful civilization.